The Origin(s), Meaning, and Relevance
of the Concept of Intrinsic Evil

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  • Bretzke, James T. "Debating "Intrinsic Evil"" Horizons 41, no. 1 (2014): 116–29.
  • Cahill, Lisa S. "Using Augustine in Contemporary Sexual Ethics." Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (2001): 25–33.
  • Connery, John. "Morality of Consequences: A Critical Appraisal." Theological Studies 34 (1973): 396-414.
  • ________. "Catholic Ethics: Has the Norm of Rule-Making Changed?" Theological Studies 42 (1981): 232-250.
  • Davis, Scott. "Doing What Comes Naturally: Recent Work on Thomas Aquinas and the New Natural Law Theory." Religion 31 (2001): 407–33.
  • Decosimo, David. "Just Lies: Finding Augustine's Ethics of Public Lying in His Treatments of Lying and Killing." Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (2010): 661–97.
  • Dedek, John F., “Intrinsically Evil Acts: The Emergence of a Doctrine,” Recherches de theologie ancienne et medievale 50 (1983): 191-226.
    ________. “Intrinsically Evil Acts: An Historical Study of the Mind of St. Thomas,” The Thomist 43 (1979): 384-413.
  • Dillon, Dana L. "Debating "Intrinsic Evil"" Horizons 41, no. 1 (2014): 130–42.
  • Feehan, Thomas D. “Augustine on Lying and Deception.” Augustinian Studies 19 (1988): 131–39.
    ________. “Augustine’s Own Examples of Lying.” Augustinian Studies 22 (1991): 165-190.
  • ________. “The Morality of Lying in St. Augustine.” Augustinian Studies 21 (1990): 67–81.
  • Grabowski, John S. "Person or Nature?: Rival Personalisms in 20th Century Catholic Sexual Ethics." Studia Moralia 35 (1997): 283-312.
  • Grabowski, John S., and Michael J. Naughton. "Catholic Social and Sexual Ethics: Inconsistent or  Organic?" The Thomist 57, no. 4 (1993): 555-578.
  • Grisez, Germain, Joseph M. Boyle, and John Finnis. "Practical Principles, Moral Truth and Ultimate Ends." American Journal of Jurisprudence 32 (1987): 99-151.
  • Hanvey, James. "Tradition as Subversion." International Journal of Systematic Theology 6, no. 1 (2004): 50–68.
  • Harrison, Brian W. "The Ex Cathedra Status of the Encyclical Humanae Vitae." Faith & Reason 19, no. 1 (1993): 25-78.
  • Hoose, Bernard. "Proportionalists, Deontologists, and the Human Good." The Heythrop Journal 33 (1992): 175-191.
  • Jaycox, Michael P. "Debating "Intrinsic Evil"" Horizons 41, no. 1 (2014): 142–65.
  • Janssens, Louis. “Ontic Evil and Moral Evil,” Louvain Studies 4 (1972): 115-156.
  • Johnstone, Brian V. "The Meaning of Proportionate Reason in Contemporary Moral Theology." The Thomist 49 (1985): 223-247.
  • ________. "From Physicalism to Personalism." Studia Moralia 30 (1992): 71-96.
  • ________. "The Revisionist Project in Roman Catholic Moral Theology." Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (1992): 18-31.
  • ________. "Intrinsically Evil Acts." Studia Moralia 43 (2005): 379-406.
  • ________. "'Objectivism', 'Basic Human Goods', and 'Proportionalism': An Interpretation of the Contemporary History of Moral Theology." Studia Moralia 43 (2005): 89-118.
  • Keane, Philip S. "The Objective Moral Order: Reflections of Recent Research." Theological Studies: 260–78.
  • Keenan, James. "Notes on Moral Theology: Moral Theology and History." Theological Studies 62 (2001): 86-104.
  • Kent, Bonnie. "Augustine's Ethics." In Cambridge companions series. In The Cambridge Companion to Augustine. Eds. Eleonore Stump and Norman Kretzmann, 205–233. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • May, William E. "'Humanae Vitae', Natural Law and Catholic Moral Thought." Linacre Quarterly 56 (1989): 61-87.
  • McDermott, John M. "Science, Sexual Morality, and Church Teaching: Another Look at Humanae Vitae." Irish Theological Quarterly 40 (2005): 237-261.
  • Melchin, Kenneth R. "Revisionists, Deontologists, and the Structure of Moral Understanding." Theological Studies 51 (1990): 389-416.
  • Noonan, John T. "Development in Moral Doctrine." Theological Studies 54 (1993): 662-677.
  • Ommen, Thomas B. "Relativism, Objectivism, and Theology." Horizons 13, no. 2 (1986): 291–305.
  • Pope, Stephen J. "The Magisterium's Arguments against 'Same-Sex Marriage': An Ethical Analysis and Critique." Theological Studies 65 (2004): 530-565.
  • Porter, Jean. "Basic Goods and the Human Good in Recent Catholic Moral Theology." The Thomist 57, no. 1 (1993): 27-49.
  • Quay, Paul M. "The Disvalue of Ontic Evil." Theological Studies 46 (1985): 262–86.
  • Rigali, Norbert J. "Evil and Models of Christian Ethics." Horizons 8, no. 1 (1981): 7–22.
  • ________. "The Moral Act." Horizons 10, no. 2 (1983): 252–66.
  • Salzman, Todd A. "The Basic Goods Theory and Revisionism: A Methodological Comparison on the Use of Reason and Experience as Sources of Moral Knowledge." The Heythrop Journal 42, no. 4 (2001): 423-450.
  • Salzman, Todd A., and Michael G. Lawler. "Catholic Sexual Ethics: Complementarity and the Truly Human." Theological Studies 67 (2006): 625-652.
  • Selling, Joseph A. "Distinct but Not Separate: The Subject-Object Relation in Contemporary Moral Theology." Studia Moralia 44 (2006): 15-40.
  • ________. "The Development of Proportionalist Thinking." Chicago Studies 25 (1986): 167-175.
  • ________. "The Recovery of Aquinas's Action Theory: A Reply to William Murphy." Theological Studies 73 (2012): 139–50.
  • Shannon, Thomas A. "Method in Ethics: A Scotistic Contribution." Theological Studies 54 (1993): 272–93.
  • Thiel, John E. "Theological Responsibility: Beyond the Classical Paradigm." Theological Studies 47 (1986): 573–98.
  • Weaver, Alain E. "Unjust Lies, Just Wars?: A Christian Pacifist Conversation with Augustine." Journal of Religious Ethics 29, no. 1 (2001): 51–78.


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  • ________. Summa Theologiae: A Concise Translation. Ed. Timothy McDermott, London: Methuen, 1991.
  • Augustine, Contra Mendacium ad Consentium. 420. CSEL, Vol. 41. J. Zycha, ed. Prague: F. Tempsky.
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  • Curran, Charles E., and Richard A. McCormick, eds. John Paul II and Moral Theology. Readings in Moral Theology. no. 10. New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1998.
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  • Evans, G. R. Augustine on Evil. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
  • Farley, Margaret A. Just Love:  A Framework for Christian Sexual Ethics. New York, NY: Continuum, 2006.
  • Finnis, John. Fundamentals of Ethics. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1983.
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  • Finnis, John, Joseph M. Boyle, and Germain Grisez. Nuclear Deterrence, Morality and Realism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.
  • Fuchs, Joseph. Human Values and Christian Morality. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1979.
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    Gaillardetz, Richard R. Teaching with Authority: A Theology of the Magisterium in the Church. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1997.
  • Gallagher, John A. Time Past, Time Future: An Historical Study of Catholic Moral Theology. New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1990.
  • Gilson, Etienne. The Christian Philosophy of Saint Augustine. Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. and Random House, Inc., 1967.
  • Griffiths, Paul J. Lying: An Augustinian Theology of Duplicity. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Brazos Press, 2004.
  • Grisez, Germain, and Russell Shaw. Fulfillment in Christ. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991.
  • Gula, Richard M. Reason Informed by Faith: Foundations of Catholic Morality. New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1989.
  • Hittinger, Russell. A Critique of the New Natural Law Theory. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame 1987.
  • Hoose, Bernard, ed. Christian Ethics: An Introduction. London: Cassell, 1998.
  • ________. Proportionalism: The American Debate and Its European Roots. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1987.
  • ________. Received Wisdom? Reviewing the Role of Tradition in Christian Ethics. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1994.
  • Kaczor, Christopher Robert, ed. Proportionalism: For and against. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2000.
  • Lawler, Ronald, Joseph Jr. Boyle, and William E. May. Catholic Sexual Ethics: A Summary, Explanation, & Defense. 2 ed. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, 1998.
  • Mahoney, John. The Making of Moral Theology. New York, NY: Oxford/Clarendon, 1987.
  • McCormick, Richard A. Notes on Moral Theology: 1965 through 1980. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1981.
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  • ________. The Critical Calling: Reflections on Moral Dilemmas since Vatican II. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 1989.
  • McCormick, Richard A., and Paul Ramsey, eds. Doing Evil to Achieve Good: Moral Choice in Conflict Situations. Chicago, IL: Loyola University Press, 1978.
  • Murtagh, James. Intrinsic Evil: An Examination of This Concept and Its Place in Current Discussions on Absolute Moral Norms. Excerpta ex dissertatione ad Doctoratum in Facultate Theologiae Pontificae Universitatis Gregorianne. Roma, 1973.
  • Odozor, Paulinus I. Moral Theology in an Age of Renewal. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003.
  • Porter, Jean. Moral Action and Christian Ethics. 1st paperback ed. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • ________. The Recovery of Virtue: The Relevance of Aquinas for Christian Ethics. London: SPCK, 1994.
  • Salzman, Todd A. Deontology and Teleology: An Investigation of the Normative Debate in Roman Catholic Moral Theology. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1995.
  • ________., ed. Method and Catholic Moral Theology:The Ongoing Reconstruction. Omaha, NE: Creighton University Press, 1999.
  • Salzman, Todd A., and Michael G. Lawler. The Sexual Person: Toward a Renewed Catholic Anthropology. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008.
  • Scotus, John Duns. Opera Omnia. Vol. 1-10, eds. C. Balić, et al., Vatican: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1950-2007.
  • Selling, Joseph A., and Jan Jans, eds. The Splendor of Accuracy: An Examination of the Assertions Made by Veritatis Splendor. Kampen: Kok Pharos Publishing House, 1994.
  • Stump, Eleonore, and Norman Kretzmann, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Augustine. Cambridge companions series. Cambridge, UK, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • Traina, Christina L. H. Feminist Ethics and Natural Law: The End of the Anathemas. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1999.
  • Vosman, Frans J. H., and Karl-Wilhelm Merks, eds. Aiming at Happiness: The Moral Teaching in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, an Analysis and Commentary. Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1996.
  • Williams, Ammi Brown, et al. Selections from Three Works of Francisco Suárez. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1944.